The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960
The Performing Animals Rules,1973 and The Performing Animals( Registration) Rules,2001

 
Is the exhibition and training of performing animals restricted?

Yes, Section 22 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 restricts the exhibition and training of performing animals, unless the person interested in exhibiting and training the animal is registered in accordance with provisions of the Act.

No animal can be exhibited or trained if the Central Government, through notification in the Official Gazette has restricted the exhibition and training of that animal.

These animals are:

• Bears

• Monkeys

• Tigers

• Panthers

• Lions

If a person is interested in exhibiting and training of performing animals, are there conditions for the registration?

The first and foremost condition required to be fulfilled with regard to the permission for exhibiting and training of performing animals is the registration of the person. Section 3 The Performing Animals ( Registration) Rules, 2001 , which states that any person desirous of training or exhibiting a performing animal has to apply for registration to the prescribed authority. Without being registered he is not allowed to exhibit or train any animal as a performing animal.

Apart from this , Section 8 of The Performing Animals ( Registration) Rules, 2001 lays down the following general conditions :

(1) Every owner who has ten or more such performing animals shall have a veterinarian as a regular employee for their care, treatment and transport;

(2) The owner shall not transport such animals by road continuously for more than 8 hours;

(3) The owner shall ensure proper watering and feeding halts during such transportation;

(4) The owner after transportation shall provide appropriate feeding and retiring enclosures for the animals;

(5) The owner shall ensure that no animal is inflicted unnecessary pain or suffering before, during or after its training or exhibition;

(6) The owner shall not deprive the animal of feed or water in order to compel the said animal to train or perform any trick;

(7) The owner shall train an animal as a performing animal to perform an act in accordance with its basic natural instinct;

(8) The owner shall not make a performing animal perform if it sick, injured or pregnant;

(9) The owner shall ensure that no sudden loud noise is deliberately created within the vicinity of any performing animal or bring an animal close to fire, which may frighten the animal;

(10) The owner in case the performing animal is to be exhibited under artificial light, shall ensure that the overall intensity of such light shall not be more than 500 LUX;

(11) The owner shall not subject the animals to any action that may either kill or injure the animal. Nor shall he use the animals in scenes which may cause injury to them;

(12) The owner shall not use any tripping devices, wires or pitfalls for such animals;

(13) The owner shall not expose any animal to either burning fire or to fire accidents;

(14) The owner shall not keep any animal including horses in close proximity while shooting scenes involving explosives or other loud noises;

(15) The owner shall ensure that props such as spears, nails, splinters, barbed wire or other such props shall not cause injury to the animals during performance;

(16) The owner shall ensure that equines are not made to walk on hard surfaces without being shoed and shall further ensure that the animals are not used in downhill slides or rodeo slide stops without proper skid and hock boots;

(17) The owner of any equine shall not use any whips;

(18) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not used on floors that are very smooth without the use of non-skidding mats;

(19) The owner shall ensure that large gatherings of animals are not allowed in such a way that may cause or result in a stampede;

(20) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not made or incited to fight against other animal sand shall further ensure that sedatives, tranquilizers or steroids or any other artificial enhancers are not administered to or inserted in any animal.

(21) The owner shall ensure that the animal shall not be transported, kept or confined in cages and receptacles, which do not measure in height, breadth or length in accordance to the comfort of the animal.

(22) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not continuously used for an excessive number of takes while shooting a film without providing adequated rest to the animal and in the event of a snake being used it shall not be made to ingest any substances or crawl across tarred or heated surfaces and shall not be contorted to wrestle.

(23) The owner shall ensure that while using an animal in shooting a film, the fight sequence shall not be shot in any livestock holding area including poultry area and shall further ensure that no birds are shown in cages.

(24) The owner shall inform the prescribed authority at least four weeks in advance, giving information about the place, date and time of the actual making of the film wherein the animal is to be used;

(25) Persons desirous of transporting horses from one place to another shall adhere to the minimum norms to enhance conditions of travel safety of the horses, namely:-

• No horse shall be tied up in such a way that his head and neck movements are unnaturally restricted while traveling

• All horses must be watered at least every four hours and provided adequate rations of hay during any journey lasting more than eight hours

• Adequate ventilation and free flow of fresh air in the vehicle shall be ensured during transport

• Rubber mats shall preferably be used for flooring instead of straw bedding

• Horses shall not be transported within twenty four hours of having raced

• No horse shall be raced, where the period of journey exceeds six hours, unless twenty fours have elapsed since completion of the travel.