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Menaka - Temple Elephant

Menaka, a 17-year-old female, was born in a semi-natural environment to a female elephant which was a part of a group of 22 elephants.Within three years it was separated, sold and transferred to an unnatural urban environment. This report assesses the status of this elephant in terms of welfare by evaluating variables related to its captive condition :the physical, social, behaviourial and physiological  features provided to and characteristic of the elephant.

 

Girija Prasad Manikantan - Elephant

The report investigates the well-being and the status of cruelty inflicted on the male elephant GirijaPrasad when it was managed by a temple at Bangalore. It is presently housed at the Bannerghata Biological Parkf ollowing rescue. His welfare status under private and current ownership has been assessed. Welfare and cruelty status have been measured interms of a number of ecological, management and veterinary parameters.
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Poornima - Elephant

This report assesses the welfare of the elephant Poornima in Pune. The elephant is presently housed at the Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park following her rescue from a private owner. Her welfare status under pre-seizure phase has been measured in terms of a number of ecological, management and veterinary parameters such as the type of shelter provided, area of the shelter, flooring type available, provision of food, types of feed provided, provision for interaction among elephants,
availability of veterinary care, etc.

 

Temperature effect on Captive Asian Elephants

The occurrence of elephants in the wild has not been reported for arid/ semi-arid areas. The only elephants occurring in such regions are captive animals. Under natural conditions all natural processes, including temperature variation, is taken
care of through ecological and behavioural mechanisms. In unnatural conditions, such as those experienced in captivity, along with variation in behavioural and ecological factors, tolerance to extreme temperatures is always a challenge for the animal. The biological mechanisms available in elephants to tolerate extreme temperatures and the implications
on welfare and health from prolonged exposure to extreme air temperatures for Asian elephants, more specifically in arid regions of Northern India, are reviewed in this document.
 
 
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Lakshmi - Elephant

This document is based on the study of an elephant maintained by the temple Sri Venkateshwara Swamivari Devasthanam in West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. The investigation was carried out to assess the welfare
status of the elephant and handlers by evaluating the elephant’s physical, social, physiological and health aspects and
the professional experience and socio-economic status of handlers.   
 

 

Captive Elephants at Bandipur forest camp

Of the total endangered Asian elephants in India, approximately 20% are in captivity. Little is known of their management and well-being and even lesser This is known of the' mahouts'(elephanthandlers)and 'cawadis'(assistants). investigation aims a tmeasuring the welfare conditions of captive elephants managed  by the ForestDepartment at Bandipur camp, Karnataka, southern India. The well-being of each animal has been assessed by observing the physical environment, morphology of the animal, behavioural characteristics and physiological features along with several parameters  relating to economic, social and animal-oriented attitude  of mahouts. It is believed that science will help in better policy making and further advance the living conditions of elephants
kept at the camp.
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Captive Elephants in Sakrebyl forest camp

This investigation provides details of the population, management and welfare status of captive elephants kept in the Sakrebyl Forest Camp,Karnataka,Southern India.   Elephants kept in the camp were observed and their welfare status was assessed through a number of welfare parameters. This investigation also provides some insights on the scoio-economic status of the handlers, who have been part and parcel of the welfare status of captive elephants.

 

Mariappan

An investigation of the welfare and management status of Elephant Mariappan of Samayapuram Mariamman temple, Tiruchirapalli, Tami Nadu, Southern India
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