Menaka - Temple Elephant

Menaka, a 17-year-old female, was born in a semi-natural environment to a female elephant which was a part of a group of 22 elephants.Within three years it was separated, sold and transferred to an unnatural urban environment. This report assesses the status of this elephant in terms of welfare by evaluating variables related to its captive condition :the physical, social, behaviourial and physiological  features provided to and characteristic of the elephant.